Royal Enfield Motorcycle
Royal Enfield is a motorcycle brand that produces classic-designed motorcycles based in India. Originating from England this Indian owned brand is holding the legacy of “The Oldest Global Motorcycle Brand In Continuous Production”.
Hence this is the oldest motorcycle brand that still is continuing its production to date. All of their motorcycle models are classic looked motorcycles and featured the same. Hence Royal Enfield has a different segment of fan base around the world.
Royal Enfield – The Enfield Cycle Company Limited
The brand name Royal Enfield was formed by the cycle manufacturer company, The Enfield Cycle Company Limited in the 1890s which was situated at Redditch, Worcestershire, England. The company was owned by Albert Eadie who was a precision firearm parts supplier of the British government’s long-established Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield, Middlesex, England.
At that time, Eadie figured the brand name Royal Enfield and formed The Enfield Cycle Company partnered with engineer Robert Walker Smith in 1896. Prior to forming the company, Albert Eadie used to use the brand name Enfield to supply and then manufacturing cycle parts.
From 1897 Enfield Company started to manufacture complete cycles and supply cycle parts to other cycle assemblers. In 1901, the Enfield Cycle Company entered into motorcycle manufacturing and produced their first Royal Enfield motorcycle with a 239cc engine.
The first Royal Enfield motorcycle was designed by Bob Walker Smith and Frenchman Jules Gotiet under the company. The motorcycle was designed with a Minerva engine. The engine was mounted in front of the steering head of a heavy bicycle frame. And the rear wheel was driven by a long rawhide belt.
Later the company produced a V-Twin engine motorcycle in 1909 and two-stroke motorcycles in 1914. In the same year, Royal Enfield also gave priority to produce their largest capacity engine motorcycle with a 770cc V-Twin engine. It was a 6 horsepower engine.
In this First World War period the company supplied their motorcycles to the British, Belgian, French, United States, and Imperial Russian armies. After the First World War, the company also developed various models of motorcycles. They also developed and adopted various features and updates to their motorcycles.
In the meantime in 1931 the founder of the company Albert Eadie died and his partner Robert Walker Smith also expired in 1933. That time the joint managing director Major Frank Smith, the son of Robert Walker Smith took full control of the Enfield Cycle Company.
During the Second World War, the Enfield Cycle Company was advised to produce military vehicles and equipment. The company produced the number of two-stroke and four-stroke motorcycles as dedicated military motorcycles. At that time they also established their underground manufacturing factory in Westwood, near Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire.
Supplying the military vehicles and other equipment they developed in diversified segments like high precision equipment. Meanwhile, the motorcycle manufacturing of British Royal Enfield shut off while the Redditch factory ceased its production in 1967 and the Bradford-on-Avon factory in 1970. And that was the end of the British Enfield era where the Indian part is still continuing.
Royal Enfield Motorcycles (India)
Royal Enfield is presently an Indian-owned motorcycle brand licensed under former Madras Motors. It’s now the subsidiary of Eicher Motors Limited, which is an Indian multinational automobile manufacturer. Holding the brand name Royal Enfield, it is manufacturing the classic-looked motorcycles and carrying the legacy of the British Royal Enfield.
At the beginning of the Indian era, in 1952 the Royal Enfield Bullet motorcycle was chosen for the Indian Army. Accordingly, the then Madras Motors received an order for 500 unite of 350cc Bullet motorcycles from the Indian government. The company supplied the same in 1953 which proved to be a great success and the contract kept rolling.
In 1955, the Enfield Cycle Company, Redditch, partnered with Madras Motors to establish ‘Enfield India‘ to assemble motorcycles in India. Under the joint venture and license, they also sold the assembly facilities to Enfield India. Thus the company started producing Royal Enfield motorcycles in India. Later, from 1962, all the parts of Royal Enfield were made in India.
The Indian Royal Enfield uses the same 1960’s engine featuring all metric bearing sizes. Hence the company still manufactures the same Bullet models in 350cc and 500cc capacities. Furthermore, they also developed several different models focusing on different customer ranges. But all of their motorcycles are classic-designed and holding the legacy of the original Royal Enfield.
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